GRASS for Rapid Reannotation of RNAseq Data

Many exciting papers/preprints on RNAseq came out over the last few months. Among them, a recently posted preprint solves an important problem - improving annotations based on new RNAseq data. There were other papers on quantification, compression and search, and we like to cover them in the next few posts.

Zipper plot for visualizing transcriptional activity of genomic regions

Abstract: Reconstructing transcript models from RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) data and establishing these as independent transcriptional units can be a challenging task. The Zipper plot is an application that enables users to interrogate putative transcription start sites (TSSs) in relation to various features that are indicative for transcriptional activity. These features are obtained from publicly available datasets including CAGE-sequencing (CAGE-seq), ChIP-sequencing (ChIP-seq) for histone marks and DNase-sequencing (DNase-seq). The Zipper plot application requires three input fields (chromosome, genomic coordinate (hg19) of the TSS and strand) and generates a report that includes a detailed summary table, a Zipper plot and several statistics derived from this plot.

SuperTranscript - a reference for analysis and visualization of the transcriptome

Abstract: Transcriptomes are tremendously diverse and highly dynamic; visualizing and analysing this complexity is a major challenge. Here we present superTranscript, a single linear representation for each gene. SuperTranscripts contain all unique exonic sequence, built from any combination of transcripts, including reference assemblies, de novo assemblies and long-read sequencing. Our approach enables visualization of transcript structure and provides increased power to detect differential isoform usage.

Lior Pachter's Zika Paper

Lynn Yi, Harlod Pimentel and Lior Pachter published a new RNAseq paper that our readers will definitely find interesting. In this paper, the authors showcase the new RNAseq technologies Pachterlab has been developing over the last few years. We covered those components (e.g Kallisto, Sleuth) in earlier posts, but here you can see a biological application to get new insights from already published data.

Trimming of sequence reads alters RNA-Seq gene expression estimates

A survey of best practices for RNA-seq data analysis

RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) has a wide variety of applications, but no single analysis pipeline can be used in all cases. We review all of the major steps in RNA-seq data analysis, including experimental design, quality control, read alignment, quantification of gene and transcript levels, visualization, differential gene expression, alternative splicing, functional analysis, gene fusion detection and eQTL mapping. We highlight the challenges associated with each step. We discuss the analysis of small RNAs and the integration of RNA- seq with other functional genomics techniques. Finally, we discuss the outlook for novel technologies that are changing the state of the art in transcriptomics.

RapMap - Today's Must Read Paper

Rob Patro, the senior author of the paper, also developed Sailfish.

An opinionated guide to the proper care and feeding of your transcriptome

Characterizing transcriptomes in both model and non-model organisms has resulted in a massive increase in our understanding of biological phenomena. This boon, largely made possible via high-throughput sequencing, means that studies of functional, evolutionary and population genomics are now being done by hundreds or even thousands of labs around the world. For many, these studies begin with a de novo transcriptome assembly, which is a technically complicated process involving several discrete steps. Each step may be accomplished in one of several different ways, using different software packages, each producing different results. This analytical complexity begs the question – Which method(s) are optimal? Using reference and non-reference based evaluative methods, I propose a set of guidelines that aim to standardize and facilitate the process of transcriptome assembly. These recommendations include the generation of between 20 million and 40 million sequencing reads from single individual where possible, error correction of reads, gentle quality trimming, assembly filtering using Transrate and/or gene expression, annotation using dammit, and appropriate reporting. These recommendations have been extensively benchmarked and applied to publicly available transcriptomes, resulting in improvements in both content and contiguity. To facilitate the implementation of the proposed standardized methods, I have released a set of version controlled open-sourced code, The Oyster River Protocol for Transcriptome Assembly, available at http://oyster- river-protocol.rtfd.org/.

Benchmark analysis of algorithms for determining and quantifying full-length mRNA splice forms from RNA-seq data

Abstract

An opinionated guide to the proper care and feeding of your transcriptome

tximport: import and summarize transcript-level estimates for gene-level analysis

https://github.com/mikelove/tximport/blob/master/vignettes/tximport.md

Timecourse analysis with Sleuth

An extremely interesting application of RNA-sequencing analysis is to study samples over a time series. This allows you to identify patterns of expression over some response to a stimuli or developmental progression.

TransRate: Reference Free Quality Assessment of de-novo Transcriptome Assemblies

The software tool described in this new arxiv paper is exactly what we need today for our work. It allows one to remove clutter from de novo RNAseq assemblies.

Getting the Most Out of RNA-seq Data Analysis

Another preprint on improving the quality of transcriptome assemblies, this time in peerJ.

Large-Scale Search of Transcriptomic Read Sets with Sequence Bloom Trees

Rail-RNA: Scalable analysis of RNA-seq splicing and coverage

Optimizing error correction of RNAseq reads

Pachter's Kallisto Comes with Unconventional License

This is being reposted from the bioinformatics blog.

Pachter Blogs on Sailfish vs Kallisto

Evaluation of tools for differential gene expression analysis by RNA-seq on a 48 biological replicate experiment

This paper presents a nice comparison of many RNAseq expression analysis tools.

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