Metagenomics of Buried Lake in Antarctica - Paper Differs from Earlier Press

Metagenomics of Buried Lake in Antarctica - Paper Differs from Earlier Press

Correction: The PLOS One paper is from a different group than the one issuing press release.

We have been tracking this story since January, when we wrote -

Expect Some Really Amazing Metagenome Data from Russia

Their March press release got twitterosphere excited by claiming to find ‘new life form’ -

Is New Life Form Found Under Antarctic Ice?

A reader criticized us by private email for paying too much attention to the press release and asked us to wait for the actual paper from the group. The wise reader is of Russian origin and knows the system well, because the paper published in PLOS One does not mention any new life.

Subglacial Lake Vostok (Antarctica) Accretion Ice Contains a Diverse Set of Sequences from Aquatic, Marine and Sediment-Inhabiting Bacteria and Eukarya

Lake Vostok, the 7th largest (by volume) and 4th deepest lake on Earth, is covered by more than 3,700 m of ice, making it the largest subglacial lake known. The combination of cold, heat (from possible hydrothermal activity), pressure (from the overriding glacier), limited nutrients and complete darkness presents extreme challenges to life. Here, we report metagenomic/metatranscriptomic sequence analyses from four accretion ice sections from the Vostok 5G ice core. Two sections accreted in the vicinity of an embayment on the southwestern end of the lake, and the other two represented part of the southern main basin. We obtained 3,507 unique gene sequences from concentrates of 500 ml of 0.22 m-filtered accretion ice meltwater. Taxonomic classifications (to genus and/or species) were possible for 1,623 of the sequences. Species determinations in combination with mRNA gene sequence results allowed deduction of the metabolic pathways represented in the accretion ice and, by extension, in the lake. Approximately 94% of the sequences were from Bacteria and 6% were from Eukarya. Only two sequences were from Archaea. In general, the taxa were similar to organisms previously described from lakes, brackish water, marine environments, soil, glaciers, ice, lake sediments, deep-sea sediments, deep-sea thermal vents, animals and plants. Sequences from aerobic, anaerobic, psychrophilic, thermophilic, halophilic, alkaliphilic, acidophilic, desiccation-resistant, autotrophic and heterotrophic organisms were present, including a number from multicellular eukaryotes.

Oh well !!

Written by M. //