Let us clarify at the outset that today’s ‘important’ in the title is not being used to describe the papers themselves, but rather where they were published. It shows a change in trend from the Nature-Science-Cell etc. mentality to go for the new, open-source and innovative journals to publish unusual results.
The Assemblathon 2 paper came out in GigaScience, a new free and open-access journal backed by BGI and Springer (BMC). The best part about the journal is its open publication of peer reviews with names of reviewers (Mick Watson’s review, C. Titus Brown’s review). That makes the process very transparent, and places the reviewers and authors at the same level instead of judge and defendant, who is guilty until proven otherwise. Another innovative aspect of Gigascience journal is its GigaDb database for storing large data sets with doi identifiers, etc.
The Assemblathon project was also run in a very next-generation friendly way, ‘next-generation’ of communication that is. Keith Bradnam, the first author of the paper, maintained a blog and provided daily updates on genome assembly-related news from his @assemblathon twitter feed. He even went to the extent of maintaining a list with everyone’s comments about the paper in his blog. How did the others manage to comment on the paper since January, if it is published today? Well, for anyone who cared, the paper was ‘published’ at the arxiv server in January. That approach surely takes the bang away from the ultimate publication surprise for the journals, but makes the life of the authors lot easier. We have been trying to convince our older collaborators about how the culture is changing, because they are still trying to maintain the old mode of ‘its all secret until the paper is in print’ - a very stressful way to do science.
Also check GigaScience editor-in-chief on -
and Mr. Assemblathon on -
The other paper came out in e-life, a new free and open-access journal backed by HHMI, Welcome trust and Max Planck Institute. Those private funding agencies realized that the were spending too much money on publication cost, even though the papers were being promptly locked into subscription-only websites and they came up with their own journal. It is refreshing to find that major papers are accepting such journals instead of going through the same ‘Nature-Science-Cell’ etc. route.
We will discuss the Moleculo technology in a later commentary, but here is the web-page version of the abstract.
The tunicates are an evolutionary group that includes species such as sea squirts and sea tulips. Their name comes from the structure known as a tunic that surrounds their sac-like bodies. As marine filter feeders, tunicates obtain nutrients by straining food particles from water, and they can live either alone or in colonies depending on the species. Charles Darwin suggested that tunicates may be the key to understanding the evolution of vertebrates, and indeed today they are regarded as the closest living relatives of this group.
Colonial tunicates can reproduce either sexually, or asexually by budding. Compatible colonies have the ability to recognize one another and to fuse their blood vessels to form a single organism, whereas incompatible colonies reject one another and remain separate. This recognition process bears some resemblance to the rejection of foreign organ transplants in mammals.
Here, Voskoboynik and co-workers present the first genome sequence of a colonial tunicate, Botryllus schlosseri. They used a novel sequencing approach that significantly increased the length of a DNA molecule that can be determined by next-generation sequencing, and allowed large DNA repeat regions to be easily resolved. In total, they sequenced 580 million base pairs of DNA, which they estimate contains roughly 27,000 genes.
By comparing the B. schlosseri genome with those of a number of vertebrates, Voskoboynik et al. identified multiple B. schlosseri genes that also participate in the development and functioning of the vertebrate eye, heart, and auditory system, as well as others that may have contributed to the evolution of the immune system and of blood cells. The genome of B. schlosseri thus provides an important new tool for studying the genetic basis of the evolution of vertebrates.