Isolation and Characterization of RNA-Containing Exosomes

Isolation and Characterization of RNA-Containing Exosomes

Exosomes are 30-100 nm vesicles full of small RNAs secreted by all cell types. Here is a good video from University of Gothenburg on extraction of exosome.

Alternative way is to use commercial kits like ExoQuick [The link also has relevant citations]


Here is a description of what exosomes do from a 2013 report -

Small non-coding RNAs, such as microRNAs (miRNAs), are involved in diverse processes, including organ development and tissue differentiation. Exosomes are small membrane vesicles (30-100?nm in diameter) produced by numerous cells. Recently, exosomes have been shown to contain miRNAs. However, the small RNAs contained in exosomes are not fully characterized. In a previous study, we found at least two types of salivary exosome that are different in size and have different proteomes. Studies of salivary exosomal small RNAs are limited to miRNAs. In this study, we examined small RNA transcriptomes using next generation sequencing technology to elucidate a full transcriptome set of small RNAs expressed in the two types of salivary exosomes and in whole saliva (WS). Many types of small RNA, such as miRNA, piwi-interacting RNA (piRNA), small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) and other small RNAs are contained in salivary exosomes and WS. Among these small RNAs we identified novel miRNA candidates.

Other informative places:

1. Wiki - Exosome vesicle, Exosome complex

2. ExoCarta - Exosome protein, RNA and lipid database

3. Exosome-mediated transfer of mRNAs and microRNAs is a novel mechanism of genetic exchange between cells (2007)

4. Reconstitution, Activities, and Structure of the Eukaryotic RNA Exosome (2007)

5. Exosomes Fit to deliver small RNA (2010)

6. Exosome Isolation for Proteomic Analyses and RNA Profiling (2011).

7. Importance of RNA isolation methods for analysis of exosomal RNA: Evaluation of different methods (2012)

8. Small RNA deep sequencing reveals a distinct miRNA signature released in exosomes from prion-infected neuronal cells (2012)

9. Exosomes: The Little Vesicles That Could (2011)


More specialized:

Exosome-mediated transfer of mRNAs and microRNAs is a novel mechanism of genetic exchange between cells (2007)

Active Wnt proteins are secreted on exosomes (2012)

Exosome-mediated transfer of miR-133b from multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells to neural cells contributes to neurite outgrowth (2012)


Early paper in yeast:

Yeast Exosome Mutants Accumulate 3?-Extended Polyadenylated Forms of U4 Small Nuclear RNA and Small Nucleolar RNAs


People to follow:

Douglas D. Taylor

H. Valdi and the Swedish group mentioned at the top.

[this list will grow]

Written by M. //